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Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters o

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[Abstract]:
In September 2018, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 5.8% year-on-year (the growth rate of the added value is the actual growth rate after deducting the price factor), which is 0.3 percentage points lower than that in August. From the ring comparison, in September, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 0.50% compared with the previous month. From January to September, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 6.4% year-on-year,

I. Overall operation of industrial enterprises above designated size

In September 2018, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 5.8% year-on-year (the growth rate of the added value is the actual growth rate after deducting the price factor), which is 0.3 percentage points lower than that in August. From the ring comparison, in September, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 0.50% compared with the previous month. From January to September, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 6.4% year-on-year, and the growth rate dropped by 0.1 percentage points from 1-8.

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

1. From January to September, the industrial enterprises above designated size achieved a revenue of 77.1 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.4%; the main business cost was 65 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.1%; the profit rate of the main business income was 6.44%. The year-on-year increase was 0.29 percentage points.

From January to September, the cost per 100 yuan of main business income of industrial enterprises above designated size was 84.31 yuan, the main business income realized per 100 yuan of assets was 94.7 yuan, and the per capita main business income was 1.287 million yuan; The turnover days are 16.9 days; the average payback period for accounts receivable is 46.9 days.

2. From January to September, the total profits of industrial enterprises above designated size reached 4.97 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.7%, and the growth rate slowed by 1.5 percentage points from January to August.

3. At the end of September, the accounts receivable of industrial enterprises above designated size were 14.2 trillion yuan, up 10.8% year-on-year; the inventory of finished products was 4.27 trillion yuan, up 9.4%.

Second, the production and operation of the refractory industry from January to September 2018

1. Manufacture of refractory materials

From January to September, the national refractory output was 14.6895 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.25%. Among them, densely shaped refractory products were 910.32 million tons, up 2.27% year-on-year; thermal insulation refractory products were 443,200 tons, up 21.74% year-on-year; unshaped refractory products were 5.395 million tons, up 3.64% year-on-year. The main varieties of production are shown in the figure below.

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

The main production province (city) production of refractory materials is shown in the following figure:

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

2. Import and export trade of refractory raw materials

From January to September, the total import and export trade of refractory raw materials nationwide was 3.401 billion US dollars, an increase of 48.58% over the same period of the previous year. The export trade volume was 3.184 billion US dollars, an increase of 47.32% year-on-year; the import trade volume was 216 million US dollars, an increase of 70.13%.

The total export of refractory raw materials nationwide was 4,788,800 tons, down 0.58% year-on-year. The export volume of refractory raw materials was 3,440,900 tons, down 2.53% year-on-year; the export volume of refractory products was 1,437,900 tons, up 4.78% year-on-year.

(1) Export of main refractory raw materials

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

(2) Export of refractory products

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

Third, the production and operation of major downstream industries

(1) Operation of the steel industry

1. Production and operation of China's steel industry

From January to September, the country's crude steel output was 699 million tons, up 6.1% year-on-year, and the growth rate dropped 0.2 percentage points year-on-year; steel output was 821 million tons, up 7.2%, up 6 percentage points.

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

2. Production situation of the world steel industry

From January to September, the global crude oil output (total of 66 countries and regions) was 1.347 billion tons, a year-on-year increase of 4.7%. Both have varying degrees of growth (see chart). Excluding China's crude steel production, crude steel production in other countries (regions) increased by 3.4% year-on-year. From January to September, China's crude steel production accounted for 51.92% of the world. The crude steel output in the main areas is shown in the table below.

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

(II) Production and operation of building materials industry

In the first three quarters, the national cement output was 1.583 billion tons, up 1% year-on-year, down 0.5% in the same period last year; flat glass output was 648 million weight boxes, up 0.4%, and the growth rate dropped by 4.6 percentage points year-on-year.

(3) Production and operation of non-ferrous metals industry

In the first three quarters, the output of ten non-ferrous metals in the country was 40.27 million tons, an increase of 4.2% year-on-year, and the growth rate increased by 0.1 percentage points year-on-year. Among them, the output of copper was 6.61 million tons, an increase of 11.2%, an increase of 4.9 percentage points; the output of electrolytic aluminum was 25 million tons, an increase of 4.2%, down 0.8 percentage points; the output of lead was 3.54 million tons, an increase of 6.8%, an increase of 1.5 percentage points; 4.15 million tons, down 2.6% year-on-year, a decrease of 0.1 percentage points year-on-year. The output of alumina was 50.57 million tons, an increase of 3.4%, and the growth rate dropped by 13.2 percentage points year on year.

4. Operating characteristics of refractory materials and major downstream industries

(1) Characteristics of major downstream industries

The operation of the major downstream industries in the first three quarters was stable, with the following characteristics:

1. Market demand is stable, and output still maintains growth

From January to September, the national crude steel, cement, flat glass and non-ferrous metals production increased by 6.1%, 1%, 0.4% and 4.2% respectively.

2, product prices continue to rise

In September, the domestic market steel price composite index averaged 121.96 points, up 1.41 points from the previous month and up 5.54 points year on year.

In September, the average price of bulk cement in the national market P.O 42.5 was 434 yuan / ton, up 12 yuan / ton from the previous month, an increase of 2.8%; a year-on-year increase of 98 yuan / ton, an increase of 29.2%. The average ex-factory price of flat glass (original film) was 67.1 yuan/weight box, up 0.7 yuan/weight box from the previous month, or 1.1%; down 1 yuan/weight box, down 1.5%.

The price of electrolytic aluminum and lead increased slightly, and the prices of copper and zinc dropped slightly. In September, the average price of electrolytic aluminum and lead in the futures of the Shanghai Futures Exchange for the month was 14,618 yuan / ton and 18,715 yuan / ton, up 2.2% and 0.7% from the previous month, down 10.1% and 4.8%. The average price of copper and zinc was 48,233 yuan / ton and 21,291 yuan / ton, down 2.1% and 1.1% from the previous month, down 6.9% and 17.9%.

3. High quality of business

From January to September, the steel industry realized a profit of 311.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 73.1%. Among them, the profit of ferrous metal mining and dressing industry was 7 billion yuan, down 17.8% year-on-year; the profit of ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry was 273.8 billion yuan, up 80.6% year-on-year. From January to September, the key statistics of the Iron and Steel Association of China Iron and Steel Association realized a total profit of 229.963 billion yuan, an increase of 86.01%.

From January to August, the building materials industry realized a profit of 286.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 46.1%. Among them, the cement manufacturing industry realized a profit of 96.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.5 times;

The flat glass industry realized a profit of 8.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 40.6%;

From January to August, the non-ferrous metals industry realized a profit of 11.41 billion yuan, down 7% year-on-year. Among them, the profit of non-ferrous metal mining and dressing industry was 31.5 billion yuan, up 13.8%; the profit of non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry was 80.9 billion yuan, down 13.8%.

(II) Operation characteristics of refractory industry

1. Refractory output has increased

From January to September, compared with the same caliber, the national refractory output continued to grow, with a year-on-year increase of 3.25%.

2. The average export price and export trade volume increased at a high rate, showing that the growth rate of export trade is much higher than the increase in export volume.

From January to September, the export volume of refractory raw materials decreased by 0.58% year-on-year, and the export trade volume increased by 47.32% year-on-year; the comprehensive export price increased by 48.18% year-on-year, and the growth rate of export trade was 47.9 percentage points higher than that of export volume. among them:

The export volume of refractory raw materials decreased by 2.53% year-on-year, and the export trade volume increased by 37.82% year-on-year; the average export price increased by 41.41% year-on-year, and the growth rate of export trade was 40.35 percentage points higher than that of export volume.

The export volume of refractory products, export trade volume and average export price increased by 4.78%, 61.12% and 53.77% respectively, and the growth rate of export trade was 56.34 percentage points higher than that of export volume. The growth of major export varieties is shown in the following table:

  

Brief analysis of production and operation of refractory materials and major downstream industries in the first three quarters of 2018

 

The export volume of other refractory products increased at a high rate. The average export price decreased by 5.68% year-on-year, and the growth rate of export trade was 9.41% lower than that of export volume.

From January to September, the export trade volume of refractory raw materials was 3.185 billion US dollars. After the first time that the export volume of refractory raw materials exceeded 3 billion US dollars in 2010, the total export trade volume in 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2017 was more than 3 billion. The dollar, which was the highest in 2011, reached $3.454 billion.

It has exceeded $3 billion in the first nine months of this year and is expected to exceed $4 billion in the whole year.